The Subversion of New York City’s Official Policy to Curb Police Brutality

     That struggle became a significant force in 1950, when a coalition of 18 organizations organized the Permanent Coordination Committee on Police and Minority Groups to press city authorities to deal with police misconduct generally, and specifically “with police misconduct in their relations with Puerto Ricans and Negroes.”  In response, the city’s Police Department established a Civilian Complaint Review Board in 1953.  It was composed of three deputy police commissioners, tasked with investigating civilian complaints and deciding on whether or not to recommend disciplinary action against police officers. […]